5G technology is the next big thing in the telecommunication world. It’s the next generation of mobile broadband that will eventually replace 4G LTE.
5G will be 10 to 100 times faster than 4G LTE. Telecommunication companies calling it as wireless broadband. And you will see the much higher download and upload speed on 5G smartphones.
Have you remember those days when browsing the internet on a mobile phone was like a dream but technology has changed a lot.
Download a movie on 5G internet will be in a moment. Is not it will be fun, everyone like speed 🙂
Why 5G technology is so fast
According to communication principles, the shorter the frequency, the larger the bandwidth.
The use of shorter frequencies (millimetre waves between 30GHz and 300GHz) for 5G networks is the reason why 5G can be faster.
But it will not be same for all areas. It will depend on network availability in that particular area.
5G technology will provide more secure, stable and without a disruption internet connection.
In around 5 continents in the world, people are using 5G internet. But in India, we are still waiting for 5G services by telecommunication services providers.
Lets see how we are reaching on 5G internet by passing previous generation :
1G: Mobile voice calls
2G: Mobile voice calls and SMS
3G: Mobile web browsing
4G: Mobile video consumption and higher data speed
5G: Technology to serve consumers and digitalization of industries.
How Does 5G Technology Work?
5G technology exploits a great deal of innovation trying to accomplish these quick speeds. There isn’t only one advancement affecting everything.
The IEEE Spectrum magazine works superbly of clarifying a great deal of the specialized subtleties in more profundity, yet here’s a speedy rundown.
The new standard will utilize an entirely different band of radio range from 4G.
5G technology will exploit “millimetre waves”, communicate at frequencies somewhere in the range of 30 and 300 GHz versus the groups underneath 6 GHz that were utilized before.
These were already just utilized for correspondence among satellites and radar frameworks. Be that as it may, millimetre waves can only with significant effort travel through structures or other strong items, so 5G will likewise exploit “little cells”— littler smaller than usual based stations that can be set about each 250 meters all through thick urban territories. These would give much better inclusion in such areas.
These base stations additionally use “huge MIMO”. MIMO means “numerous information various yield”.
You may even have a home remote switch with MIMO innovation, which implies it has numerous receiving wires it can use to converse with different distinctive remote gadgets on the double as opposed to rapidly exchanging between them.
Enormous MIMO will utilize many radio wires on a solitary base station. They will likewise exploit beamforming to more readily coordinate those signs, coordinating the remote sign in a pillar pointing at the gadget and decreasing impedance for different gadgets.
5G base stations will likewise run at full-duplex, which implies they can transmit and get simultaneously, on a similar recurrence.
Today, they need to switch among transmitting and listening modes, easing back things down.
That is only a preview of a portion of the innovation being joined to make 5G so quick.
5G VS 4G speed performance
4G has changed the way we used mobile phone, videos, OTT platforms, apps and other services was like a dream on 3G or another earlier network. But 4G made it possible. And now 5G will give much higher 10 times faster internet experience.
If we compare 4G and 5G speed performance then 5G speed will be 10 to 100 times faster. 5G technology offers extremely low latency just 1 millisecond, it means the delay between sending and receiving the data.
4G uses 200 milliseconds for exchanging data but assume 1 millisecond. it will be 150-200 times faster.
As per the February 2020 issue of Fortune Magazine, normal 5G speed estimates done in Q3/Q4 2019 territory from:
220 megabytes for each second (Mbps) in Las Vegas
350 in New York,
380 in Los Angeles,
450 in Dallas,
to 550 Chicago,
what’s more, more than 950 in Minneapolis and Providence approximatively.
That is 10 to multiple times more than 4G LTE.
What are the genuine 5G use cases?
Each new age remote system accompanied the all-new arrangement of new uses. The following coming 5G will make no special case and will be centred around IoT and basic interchanges applications.
Regarding the motivation, we can make reference to the accompanying uses cases after some time:
Fixed remote access (from 2018-2019 onwards)
Improved versatile broadband with 4G fall-over (from 2019-2020-2021)
Some key applications such as self-driving vehicles require exceptionally forceful idleness (quick reaction time) while they don’t require quick information rates.
You’ll be hearing much progressively about 5G in the following coming years as the rollout really starts.
Think about the most extreme hypothetical rates while taking other factors into consideration and be set up to sit tight a couple of years for far-reaching inclusion, however, be energized—the remote web is going to get much quicker.